Double Feature: Is “Napoleon Dynamite” a Second “Stroszek?”

stroszekvnapoleon

If you’re a cult classic buff, or have even heard the term “cult classic” being bandied around, you’ve surely heard of Napoleon Dynamite, a film that managed to capture the apathy and social anxiety of an entire generation in 90 minutes of awkward shots and deadpan lines. Whether this approach worked is a matter of opinion. I thought the film had a certain charm to its naïveté and the continued insistence of its square-peg characters to fit into the round holes of the high-school in-crowd (not those round holes, mind you—get your minds out of the gutter), but many of my friends have said it’s stilted, its characters aren’t likeable, it’s paced like a snail overdosing on codeine, etc.

“My wildest dream is for them to just hurry up and have the election already.” –some guy I knew in high school

“My wildest dream is for them to just hurry up and have the election already.”
–Some guy I knew in high school

But it was definitely a novel approach to storytelling, wasn’t it? Nope. Not even close. In fact, there’s a film that hails from way back in the hoary mists of the German New Wave movement of the ‘70s that manages to out-Napoleon Napoleon in almost every way: Werner Herzog’s 1977 magnum opus, Stroszek. The film follows three outcasts on the fringes of Berlin society—a street musician, a quirky old man and a prostitute—as they move to Wisconsin and take straight jobs in hope of carving out their chunks of the American Dream. And while its structure—a series of brief vignettes that seem more aimed at running out the clock than at establishing any coherent plot—and its approach to Americana tread on much of the same ground as Napoleon, its earnestness and willingness to philosophize make its insights much more piercing and poignant than those of its 21st-century successor.

My favorite thing about Herzog’s approach to filmmaking is his exquisite casting, which some critics have referred to as “found-object casting.” His modus operandi didn’t involve A-list talent, but rather finding people outside of the industry, with no prior training whatsoever, and injecting them straight into folksy, homespun roles that most professional actors would be tempted to overthink or overplay. And so, unlike Napoleon Dynamite, Herzog’s jet-black loser comedy stars bona-fide losers: the title character, Bruno Stroszek, is played by an intellectually-stunted Berlin street performer credited only as Bruno S., and most of the characters introduced in the latter part of the film were hired on location in small towns in Wisconsin and North Carolina.

See the deer strapped to the back of that car? Just by being in this film, it’s ten times as pretentious as you’ll ever be.

See the deer strapped to the back of that car? Just by being in this film, it’s ten times as pretentious as you’ll ever be.

What makes Bruno S. and most of his cohorts stand out is how earnestly they play their parts; after all, all the actors in the film are essentially playing themselves. On my first pass through Napoleon Dynamite, my enjoyment of the film’s offbeat dialogues was hampered a bit by how stilted and crudely acted they seemed. It was almost a “nudge-nudge, wink-wink” type of feeling, as if the actors knew what they were saying was patently moronic and wanted to make sure the audience knew they weren’t actually this inept in real life. You can’t see any of that in the performances of Bruno S., the elderly and eccentric Clemens Scheitz or any of the other lovable rubes in Stroszek (almost all of whose characters share their names), because there isn’t any there to begin with. What we’re seeing on screen is a decent approximation of how these people really behave, and that imbues the film with a refreshing honesty and realism.

And, even though the minds behind Napoleon Dynamite probably weren’t cribbing directly from Herzog (and, judging from Nacho Libre and the other less-than-subtle fare its directors followed it up with, may not have even heard of him), the average viewer could be excused for thinking differently, because many of the same gags are present in Stroszek, and are arguably done better (and more bizarrely) there. Show me Uncle Rico and Kip putting off the locals with their overblown attempts at hawking Tupperware and breast enlargement pills, and I’ll gladly show you the decrepit, borderline-senile Scheitz eagerly demonstrating his new method of detecting “animal magnetism” with a common voltmeter to two utterly confused hunters. Where Tina the llama frustrates her owners by refusing to eat dinner, Bruno’s pet myna bird, Beo, fixates on strange words and lets the name of another woman (perhaps one of Bruno’s ex-girlfriends?) slip out at precisely the wrong time. Even the embarrassing performance art of the “Happy Hands Club” that clearly establishes Napoleon as the loser of the century is paralleled nicely by Bruno’s god-awful performance on glockenspiel and accordion in an alley, where a captive audience watches in bafflement and the humiliation hangs in the air like a thick fog.

Mothers, don’t let your babies grow up to be buskers.

Mothers, don’t let your babies grow up to be buskers.

And, of course, there’s the biggest joke of all, the one about three misfits chasing an impossible dream. But in this one, while the setups may be similar, the punchlines branch in wildly different directions.

Although Napoleon Dynamite may be offbeat, it’s also almost always upbeat. By the end of the film, Pedro is president, Napoleon has somebody to play tetherball with and nobody (except the cocky, nostalgic Uncle Rico) is much worse for wear. If you were to read just the first and last sentences of the plot summary on Wikipedia, you’d believe it was just a normal high school movie of the kind that used to dominate the ‘80s. Its characters are odder and seem more like real people than the flat archetypes of The Breakfast Club, sure, but it’s just as idealized, lapsing into deus ex machina to deliver a feel-good ending against all realism and logic.

If you listen carefully during this part, you can hear a thousand gawky teenage boys sobbing into their pillows.

If you listen carefully during this part, you can hear a thousand gawky teenage boys sobbing
into their pillows.

The protagonists of Stroszek aren’t so lucky. I’m not going to spoil the ending—which is one of the most farcical, disturbing and memorable scenes in the history of cinema—but I will say that Herzog knows damn well that spontaneously moving to a foreign country when you can’t speak the language and can’t even hold down a steady job in your native land is a pretty awful idea.

Even so, I hesitate to say Stroszek is quite the pessimistic commentary on the American Dream that most professional critics make it out to be, as the title character retains a fierce optimism throughout his whole ordeal. In the penultimate scene, Bruno recites his laundry list of woes to a patron of a small-town sandwich shop who happens to speak some (horribly mangled) German. The friendly stranger assures him, “I wouldn’t worry about it,” and Bruno replies, “You said it. Absolutely.”

It’s hard not to admire a statement like that, just as it’s hard not to crack a smile as Napoleon plays that first real game of tetherball on the playground as the credits roll. And if I had to boil these weird, discordant movies down to their essence, that would probably be it—the feeling that it doesn’t matter how crazy, chaotic and incomprehensible the world may be, or how much we’re beaten up and pushed down as we try to claw our way to success. Somehow, something’s still alright, and everything’s going to work itself out.

Cheer up, Bruno. This article’s almost over.

Cheer up, Bruno. This article’s almost over.

“I wouldn’t worry about it.”

“You said it. Absolutely.”

Words to live by if I ever heard them.

SHARE THIS POST

  • Facebook
  • Twitter
  • Google Buzz
  • Reddit
Author: Sylas May View all posts by
Junior at the University of Kansas, studying journalism and that awful German language. Some people fancy me an eccentric. I don't fancy myself anything, as I've been taught that it's rude to fancy yourself in public.

82 Comments on "Double Feature: Is “Napoleon Dynamite” a Second “Stroszek?”"

  1. go to website August 5, 2018 at 8:19 pm - Reply

    I just want to tell you that I am just new to blogging and site-building and honestly liked you’re web-site. More than likely I’m going to bookmark your blog . You certainly come with awesome articles and reviews. Bless you for revealing your website.

  2. Judix August 7, 2018 at 5:56 am - Reply
  3. Mikel August 9, 2018 at 2:43 am - Reply

    I’m interested in viagra online pfizer soft 2 Speaking to reporters on the sidelines of a meeting of Arabcentral bankers in Abu Dhabi, he also said the country’s foreignexchange reserves had rebounded to about 103 days’ worth ofimports, which was a “more or less safe” level.

  4. Guillermo August 9, 2018 at 3:01 am - Reply

    Accountant supermarket manager can i buy viagra over the counter in dubai Around 10 p.m., I gathered my sleep-warding weaponry (Red Bull, coffee, loud music and a fan on full blast blowing right in my face) and proceeded to study. I did fine until about 12:30, when my eyelids began to droop slightly. But, after a few Red Bulls – four, to be exact – I was fine. And by that I mean I felt energized and alert enough to run a quick 5K, fight a bear or three, and still have time to get to class and ace my final.

  5. Nestor August 9, 2018 at 3:10 am - Reply

    In a meeting viagra forum Toyota Motor Co. is recalling 885,000 vehicles worldwide over electrical problems that could prevent airbags from deploying in a crash, the latest in a series of major safety-related actions for the carmaker. 

  6. Carter August 9, 2018 at 3:11 am - Reply

    I’m on work experience can you take valium and viagra together A year ago Bolt completed a second successive Olympic sprint clean sweep and, tempted back by the British Government’s easing of his potential tax burden, capped off a night dripping with nostalgia for those two astonishing weeks in 2012.

  7. Harley August 9, 2018 at 3:33 am - Reply

    An accountancy practice cialis 20 mg ou viagra 100mg So far, speculated dates for the HTC One launch on Verizon included Aug. 1, then Aug. 15 and even Aug. 29, but there’s still nothing certain. Looking at the Verizon sign-up page again, the smartphone pictured there shows the date of Sept. 5 on its display. It could be a hint about the launch, or it could be just a randomly chosen date. Verizon customers eagerly waiting for the HTC One will most likely hope it’s the second variant, as a Sept. 5 debut would be much later than expected.

  8. Hunter August 9, 2018 at 3:39 am - Reply

    I’d like to open a business account viagra meaning in urdu To complete the job and avoid alerting victims to an illegal money transfer, the suspected hacker carried out a “denial of service” maneuver that used a network of thousands of “zombie” computers to saturate the platform for payments so users could not access their accounts around the time of the attack.

  9. Erasmo August 9, 2018 at 3:42 am - Reply

    How much is a First Class stamp? viagra tablet mg The company claimed that the problem with that supplier resulted to mechanical glitches that had to be addressed first. Now that the issue has been resolved, full production of the device has already started.

  10. Fabian August 9, 2018 at 3:43 am - Reply

    When do you want me to start? v herbal viagra alternative review Testimony about the files came as the defense for Private First Class Bradley Manning, 25, sought to show that much of the information Manning is charged with leaking was publicly available. The leaked files include assessment briefs for more than 700 inmates at the Guantanamo Bay prison in Cuba.

  11. Vince August 9, 2018 at 4:05 am - Reply

    We need someone with experience where can you buy generic viagra Under Labor’s policy, no asylum seekers who arrive by boat will be resettled in Australia, even if found to be genuine refugees. They will be resettled in PNG or a third country after being processed at Manus.

  12. Chang August 9, 2018 at 4:07 am - Reply

    I live here how can i buy viagra in dubai But not everyone seems to believe in this concept. Muhammad Ali was reported to abstain from sex for two months before a bout. After he retired, he was interviewed by Howard Cosell and admitted he never abstained from sex.

  13. Levi August 9, 2018 at 4:13 am - Reply

    Your account’s overdrawn male enhancement viagra pills Search the National Certification Commission for Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine’s directory at nccaom.org to find licensed acupuncturists. Many have experience with electroacupuncture; those who don’t should refer you to someone who does, says Compton. Expect to pay a bit more for an electroacupuncture session—Compton adds $10 to his traditional acupuncture fee of $70.

  14. Tristan August 9, 2018 at 4:14 am - Reply

    It’s OK do you need a prescription to buy viagra in canada According to InfoMoney, which cited an unnamed source close to OGX, creditors are studying a proposal that would convert their bonds into stock, giving them a stake in the company. As part of the deal, Batista would relinquish control of the company he founded to great fanfare in 2007.

  15. Alyssa August 9, 2018 at 4:35 am - Reply

    I’d like to send this parcel to vipps viagra Yemen is home to 56 of the 86 detainees still being held in Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, and security in Yemen is a key element of any deal to send them back so that Obama can fulfill a pledge to close the U.S. prison camp.

  16. Morgan August 9, 2018 at 4:37 am - Reply

    Special Delivery viagra video After capturing a white shark, the crew lifts it onboard with a forklift-type device. Its eyes are covered and a hose is placed in its mouth. Then tags are inserted to track the shark’s travels. Samples of blood, DNA and other body components are taken for research. Fischer said bacteria collected from sharks’ teeth is helping researchers develop an antibiotic for shark bites.

  17. Basil August 9, 2018 at 4:41 am - Reply

    The United States does 100 mg viagra work better than 50 mg The Navy Yard was closed to all but essential personnel on Tuesday. Military police were stationed at the four entrances, checking the identifications of the employees who were being allowed back in. Other personnel milled around outside, hoping to retrieve cars that remained locked inside the gates.

  18. Bob August 9, 2018 at 4:42 am - Reply

    I’ll call back later viagra online and pay with paypal “The meeting of Bank Indonesia’s board of governors onSeptember 12, 2013, decided to raise the BI rate by 25 bps to7.25 percent, the interest rate for the Lending Facility by 25bps to 7.25 percent and the Deposit Facility interest rate by 25bps to 5.5 percent.

  19. Mohammed August 9, 2018 at 4:46 am - Reply

    What do you do for a living? viagra ersatz sterreich House Speaker John Boehner, R-Ohio, attacked Obama for negotiating with Russian President Vladimir Putin on ways to end the Syrian crisis but not negotiating seriously with House Republicans on ways to end the budget impasse. “While the president is happy to negotiate with Vladimir Putin, he won’t engage with Congress” on a plan to end the budget stalemate, Boehner told reporters.

  20. Errol August 9, 2018 at 5:04 am - Reply

    good material thanks cheap viagra sold in usa “And no. I do really, really like kids, because I can talk to them and listen to them. The problem has always been how much time you need to devote to bringing up kids. I’ve always dedicated all my life to work, and at 52, I’ve probably missed the opportunity.”

  21. Wilson August 9, 2018 at 5:09 am - Reply

    Withdraw cash canadian pharmacy viagra professional Our Classified websites (Photos, Motors, Jobs and Property Today) use cookies to ensure you get the correct local newspaper branding and content when you visit them. These cookies store no personally identifiable information.

  22. Sherman August 9, 2018 at 5:11 am - Reply

    Could I have a statement, please? generic viagra professional (sildenafil) Vimpelcom, which has significant operations in Italy and several emerging markets, also said on Wednesday it was movingits shares to U.S. technology market Nasdaq afternearly two decades trading on rival NYSE Euronext, tocut costs.

  23. Stanford August 9, 2018 at 5:12 am - Reply

    What sort of music do you like? buy prof viagra online What does it say about the state of the Yankees that right now the only sure things for next year are Robertson, Brett Gardner, Alfonso Soriano and, by iconic and contractural necessity, Jeter and Ichiro Suzuki? The good news is that approximately $100 million is coming off the books, not including A-Rod’s $25 million, so the Yankees will have plenty of money to spend while staying under that $189 million luxury-tax threshhold. But again, what to spend it on?

  24. Brett August 9, 2018 at 5:18 am - Reply

    Who would I report to? effects of mixing viagra with alcohol But the steep prices charged for orphan drugs are under growing scrutiny from cash-strapped healthcare providers, principally governments, that are increasingly having to balance the acute needs of a few against the wider interests of society.

  25. Eduardo August 9, 2018 at 5:33 am - Reply

    When can you start? how long does it take for generic viagra to work
    That allows youngsters to appreciate the more familiar sides of this Phineas and Ferb title. Majesco faithfully recreates the atmosphere of the Disney cartoon, with near-cartoon-quality visuals and solid voice acting. I can’t say I’m truly familiar with any of this, but my niece was quite impressed, easily identifying with Perry’s “disguise” and falling in love with the lead characters, Phineas and Ferb.

  26. Scotty August 9, 2018 at 5:41 am - Reply

    I’d like , please where is the best place to buy viagra in uk Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel said he spoke with his Egyptian counterpart about the canceled maneuvers, and added that “the United States has made it clear that the Egyptian government must refrain from violence, respect freedom of assembly and move toward an inclusive political transition.”

  27. Bennett August 9, 2018 at 5:41 am - Reply

    I’m in a band order viagra professional Regulators say 1,200 investors lost paper returns of more than 380 million New Zealand dollars ($296 million) in the scheme. Serious Fraud Office acting manager Graham Gill said their out-of-pocket losses were at least NZ$115 million.

  28. Cole August 9, 2018 at 5:42 am - Reply

    I’d like to open an account viagra tablets cheap STOCKHOLM – With 100 million people logging on every day for a fix of its games like Candy Crush Saga, global gamemaker King is showing rivals not just how to hook players, but how to get them to pay.

  29. Garland August 9, 2018 at 5:51 am - Reply

    Incorrect PIN do i need 50mg or 100mg viagra The civil verdict by a Manhattan federal court jury similarly found the bank’s Countrywide Financial unit found liable, and also determined that former Countrywide executive Rebecca Mairone committed fraud while overseeing the loan-origination program.

  30. Erasmo August 9, 2018 at 5:51 am - Reply

    I’d like , please viagra for sale on line cheap It is a sad day for our society when we all have to suffer because of the actions of a few. It is also the thin end of the wedge: the time will surely come when we will no longer be allowed to choose our own kumquats, when the freshly cooked beetroot are kept in a locked cabinet and leek police patrol the shop.

  31. Johnson August 9, 2018 at 6:02 am - Reply

    I’d like a phonecard, please can i buy viagra over the counter in canada Speaking after the hearing Mr Heard’s brother Martin Heard said: “My brother worked at Vauxhall for 43 years and was looking forward to retirement. He was loyal to the company and to his colleagues.

  32. Raleigh August 9, 2018 at 6:12 am - Reply

    I’d like to tell you about a change of address where to buy generic viagra online yahoo answers The auction, which proceeded as hundreds of protestorscriticized the sale to private companies of the country’snatural resources, was notable because it sparked only afraction of the appetite that was originally expected.

  33. Rodolfo August 9, 2018 at 6:12 am - Reply

    I’m a member of a gym where can i buy cheap viagra yahoo Stocks fell across the board during Wednesday’s regulartrading. Nine of the 10 S&P 500 industry sector indexes slid.The utilities index was the worst performer, shedding1.6 percent, while the materials and energy indexes fell nearly1 percent apiece.

  34. Robert August 9, 2018 at 6:14 am - Reply

    What’s the current interest rate for personal loans? side effects of viagra without ed A community foundation was asked to divide up $11.4 million that was raised with the help of the United Way. The foundation previously decided to divvy up $7.7 million to the families and survivors and to have committees decide on uses for the remainder of the donations, including whether to use some of it for future mental health care and other needs.

  35. Maya August 9, 2018 at 6:21 am - Reply

    I enjoy travelling china viagra “This is one of a number of discussions the administrationis having with experts and stakeholders in response to thepresident’s directive to have a national dialogue about how tobest protect privacy in a digital era, including how to respectprivacy while defending our national security,” the officialtold the news outlet.

  36. Marcellus August 9, 2018 at 6:23 am - Reply

    Have you seen any good films recently? where can one buy viagra over the counter “I think that’s just an excuse,” he said about any rust. “I’m responsible for the way I play. I didn’t play very well in the first half. We had a serious case of the ‘can’t get rights.’ I don’t throw two interceptions and Alfred doesn’t fumble. We’ll get better.”

  37. Teodoro August 9, 2018 at 6:42 am - Reply

    A law firm how long after i eat to take viagra “No year is the same. Every year is different. You still have to work hard and go out and put the effort forward to try to be better,” Sabathia said. “Not to sound like that, but I want to help the team all the time, whether we’re scoring runs or not. I need to be better in the second half, helping this team out and keeping us in games and going out there trying to get some wins.”

  38. Isiah August 9, 2018 at 6:42 am - Reply

    I work with computers is it legal to buy viagra from india Prior studies have shown that eating cheese after a sugary meal reduces acid production, the researchers said, and that consumers can modify their diet in such a way as to prevent the cavity-causing effects of sugary foods.

  39. Emily August 9, 2018 at 6:47 am - Reply

    I’d like some euros what to expect the first time you take viagra SEOUL, Sept 13 (Reuters) – South Korean shares eased onFriday morning after global markets weakened on concerns over alikely tapering in U.S. monetary stimulus, while some investorsrepositioned to lock in profits following recent gains in themarket.

  40. Freelove August 9, 2018 at 6:52 am - Reply

    I’d like to pay this in, please viagra or kamagra or cialis Perhaps he fears any attempts to reveal Bob’s true secret will go by the way of when Pete tried to blackmail Don with his (not very well) “I like Bob. Chevy likes Bob. And if you don’t like Bob, we can find someone who does,” Jim Cutler tells Pete earlier in the episode. Maybe Pete realizes all those extra coffees Bob carries around paid off in the end.

  41. Marcellus August 9, 2018 at 6:57 am - Reply

    Best Site Good Work what is the maximum dose of viagra that is safe As usual, the bank did not say at what exchange rate thedollars were sold. The auction differed from previous ones inthe OPEC nation in that Sicad auctioned debt for the first time,rather than just cash.

  42. Lanny August 9, 2018 at 7:13 am - Reply

    Canada>Canada is it safe to buy viagra on the internet Like the Volt, it will be able to travel about 35 miles on battery power alone before its 1.4-liter, four-cylinder backup gas engine kicks in. For many drivers using the car for daily commuting, they will barely ever need to fill the car with gasoline.

  43. Marissa August 9, 2018 at 7:13 am - Reply

    Looking for a job buy brand viagra online canada Samsung Galaxys and Apple iPhones of different generations sit side by side, glinting under bright display lights as vendors call out to get customers’ attention. With its varied models, Samsung smartphones outnumber iPhones at least four to one.

  44. Jane August 9, 2018 at 7:23 am - Reply

    Three years viagra egypt A national high-speed network is central to Australia’splans to become one of the world’s leading “digital economies”as it seeks alternative drivers of growth to replace a fadingmining investment boom.

  45. Andre August 9, 2018 at 7:44 am - Reply

    Which team do you support? viagra scherzartikel What we don’t see, we don’t know and when we don’t know we can not think about it. But near any of us, can be some piece of news. In the darkness of the night between Golden Beach and California Beach in Sesimbra village, 40 km (25 miles) south of Lisbon, elderly retired fishermen pull long ropes and fishing nets onto the sand.

  46. Alfonso August 9, 2018 at 7:54 am - Reply

    What are the hours of work? where can i buy viagra in london over the counter THE FINAL SHOT: Zach Johnson holed out from 115 yards for eagle on the 15th hole to complete the only foursomes match before play was stopped. Johnson and Dufner beat Richard Sterne and Marc Leishman, 4 and 3.

  47. Giuseppe August 9, 2018 at 8:09 am - Reply

    I’ve just started at best buy on viagra Yet on Sunday in Kansas City, other than one throwback moment — a 69-yard touchdown pass from Manning to Victor Cruz — the offense looked like it did in the early years of the Manning Era. The quarterback was under siege behind a patchwork offensive line. The running game stammered and staggered. Hakeem Nicks, their supposed No. 1 receiver, dropped at least three passes.

  48. Numbers August 9, 2018 at 8:15 am - Reply

    I’m afraid that number’s ex-directory viagra tablets online Cable companies have become hot assets as their cable lines, designed to deliver TV to homes, have been upgraded to carry voice calls and Internet at speeds often five times faster than competing services from telecom operators and they have been snatching customers from them.

  49. Richard August 9, 2018 at 8:26 am - Reply

    Very Good Site can you buy viagra in cancun mexico The director says she sought comment from SeaWorld, which owns parks in Orlando, San Diego, and San Antonio. But the company declined to appear in “Blackfish,” opting instead to issue its July 12 statement, which characterized the film as “shamefully dishonest, deliberately misleading, and scientifically inaccurate.”

  50. Lowell August 9, 2018 at 8:36 am - Reply

    Jonny was here online viagra emails The Middletons had only to come from Berkshire. They arrived looking tanned, relaxed and of course delighted. She was wearing a blue summer dress, nipped in at the waist. He was in white slacks, a blue and white candy-striped shirt and a navy blazer, as if he had just come up from Cowes.

  51. Toney August 9, 2018 at 8:52 am - Reply

    A law firm where to get cheapest viagra Rather than recovering after the recession that began in2008, OECD demand is set to remain subdued and essentiallystagnant over the next two decades, according to the EIA. Ineffect, the advanced economies will achieve “oil-less growth”(Chart 1).

  52. Chase August 9, 2018 at 8:57 am - Reply

    Could I ask who’s calling? what do i say to my doctor to get viagra Prices were lower in states with more competition among insurers and higher in states with fewer players, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) said in its report. Americans will be able to sign up for the new plans via online state exchanges beginning on October 1.

  53. Bennett August 9, 2018 at 9:03 am - Reply

    Can I call you back? generic viagra vs real viagra On Earth, pebbles are formed when rocks undergo erosion by fluvial (water) action. The presence of pebbles and large slabs of sedimentary rock packed full of pebbles of different sizes — known as conglomerates — is evidence that Curiosity’s landing site used to be a riverbed. This discovery strengthens the possibility that, if there used to be large quantities of liquid water on Mars, ancient microbial life may have been able to gain a foothold.

  54. Jesus August 9, 2018 at 9:18 am - Reply

    Very interesting tale viagra legal in thailand However, please note – if you block/delete all cookies, some features of our websites, such as remembering your login details, or the site branding for your local newspaper may not function as a result.

  55. Dorsey August 9, 2018 at 9:25 am - Reply

    Could I make an appointment to see ? generic viagra authentic Minister Mark Harper, the Conservative immigration minister, said the controversial poster campaign would encourage illegal immigrants to leave voluntarily and serve as ‘an alternative to being led away in handcuffs’.

  56. Alphonso August 9, 2018 at 9:28 am - Reply

    Jonny was here when will a generic for viagra be available Mr Jacques added: “This is significant for our understanding of the way people were living around 5,000 years before the building of Stonehenge and it begs the question – where are the frogs now?”

  57. Haywood August 9, 2018 at 9:29 am - Reply

    On another call liquid viagra Marijuana use for medicinal reasons is not approved by the Food and Drug Administration and remains illegal under federal law. Some people involved in growing and dispensing cannabis in states where medical marijuana has been legal — including a few patients — have faced federal prosecution and gone to jail.

  58. Mia August 9, 2018 at 9:31 am - Reply

    How do you spell that? viagra super active gel capsules “Joe Root’s century at Lord’s should be a crucial reference point for Australia’s cricketing development, because it showcased precisely the type of player Australia have been unsuccessfully trying to produce.

  59. Terrell August 9, 2018 at 9:52 am - Reply

    Hold the line, please viagra prostate pain Mr Weiner was forced to discuss his online behavior this past week after a gossip website printed excerpts of conversations Mr Weiner had with Indiana college student Sydney Leathers last summer.

  60. Lucio August 9, 2018 at 9:58 am - Reply

    Just over two years where do you buy viagra uk No kitchen is now complete without a two-tone icing bag, edible rose petals and a pastel-coloured Magimix. The show has sparked an unprecedented boom in sales of baking supplies, from cake tins to sugar thermometers and miniature blowtorches. Kitchenware shop Lakeland has led the way, with annual profits up by a third since 2010 and baking sales up 42 per cent. Buoyed by the show’s success, the group announced plans to open 40 more stores.

  61. Antonio August 9, 2018 at 9:59 am - Reply

    I don’t know what I want to do after university how long after taking viagra is it most effective Strangeways – which has a capacity of 1,238 prisoners – has been cited as one of the most overcrowded prisons in the country, with 600 inmates at the Category A jail forced to share one-person cells last year, according to prison campaign group the Howard League for Penal Reform. A spokesman said: “Prison  resources and staff resources have been cut. It will put more pressure on jails which are already stretched.

  62. Manual August 9, 2018 at 10:03 am - Reply

    I’ve just started at viagra problems online Terrance Gainer, the Senate sergeant at arms, told Fox News that this appears to be an “isolated incident.”Gainer also said the injured Capitol Police officer crashed a police cruiser while trying to join the chase. The cruiser “seriously clipped” a barricade, he said, but the injuries are “not life threatening.”

  63. Tobias August 9, 2018 at 10:25 am - Reply

    Do you like it here? best place to buy viagra online uk forum Saint Francis is revered by Catholics and many other Christians for his simplicity, poverty and love of nature. – qualities the Argentinian-born Francis has made the keynote of his papacy since his election in March.

  64. Franklyn August 9, 2018 at 10:27 am - Reply

    Please call back later can viagra and cialis be taken together This year’s singles champions at Wimbledon, for example, each received about $2.4 million, up from $1.75 million in 2012, while overall prize money at the All England Club increased about 40 percent. A first-round loser got about $35,800, up from $22,100 in 2012.

  65. Sherwood August 9, 2018 at 10:32 am - Reply

    Is it convenient to talk at the moment? viagra for mental ed The VNA deal would give Ardagh and industry leaderOwens-Illinois over 75% of the US market for beer and liquorbottles between them. However, it is seen as a vital step inArdagh’s plans to deleverage via an initial public offering.

  66. Willy August 9, 2018 at 10:38 am - Reply

    real beauty page viagra how long does it take to work Otis also highlighted changes that are coming to Darden’s restaurants, noting that the company wants to improve both affordability and the “guest experience.” As an attempt to help affordability, the company wants to reduce annual spending by $50 million, which they will attain through workforce reductions and program spending cuts. In 2014, they project these measures will save about $25 million.

  67. Barrett August 9, 2018 at 10:54 am - Reply

    Can you put it on the scales, please? where to buy viagra in sri lanka There are two looming events that could turn Futenma into a pressing problem for Abe and rattle the U.S.-Japan security alliance at a time when it is being tested by tensions with China over disputed islands in the region.

  68. Teodoro August 9, 2018 at 11:03 am - Reply

    magic story very thanks where to buy viagra in london over the counter “I will be interested to hear how this would work in practice, but as an initial reaction, I do have concerns about additional layers of bureaucracy slowing down the speed and agility of conducting counterterrorism activities,” Cordero said in an email.

  69. Denver August 9, 2018 at 11:07 am - Reply

    Have you got any qualifications? can i get a viagra prescription online Not only can visitors see the eggs on a milkweed plant, they can also see a smaller version of the caterpillar nursery and handle some of the vibrant black, yellow and white specimens. Next to the caterpillar section is a corkboard with dozens of chrysalis where visitors can watch adult monarchs hatch. The chrysalis is clear, which allows a clear view of the butterfly inside as it forms. The recently-hatched adults hang on the corkboard until their wings dry out before flying throughout the house.

  70. Valentine August 9, 2018 at 11:14 am - Reply

    Where are you calling from? can you buy generic viagra over the counter With no reaction from FirstEnergy or the grid operator,other lines quickly became overloaded. What followed was a powersurge that grew large enough to jump state lines, first knockingout power in Michigan, rolling through Ontario and ultimatelyknocking New York offline. The whole event took little over anhour from when the first branch hit the power line in Ohio.

  71. Marissa August 9, 2018 at 11:22 am - Reply

    Could you please repeat that? how long does it take for viagra to stop working Thedemise of enjoyable work experience and extra-curricular activities is a sadtruth. There must be people out there in a sports team, who resent their earlymorning training sessions and don’t get on with their teammates, but who persist in thehope of deploying their ‘teamwork skills’ in an application question. There willalso be people who adore their sporting achievements and will continue to doso. I scribble ranting articles because I love to write, yet some may feel thatsqueezing emotionless metaphors into a feature about politics will get them thegolden ticket to the newsroom. 

  72. Mervin August 9, 2018 at 11:39 am - Reply

    this post is fantastic can you buy viagra over the counter in new zealand In an editorial, the Standard said the reports pointed to “obvious” security lapses. “It is becoming increasingly apparent that the country’s top security organs may have received adequate briefing on imminent terror threats,” it said.

  73. Moshe August 9, 2018 at 11:42 am - Reply

    I’m doing an internship buy viagra in the uk online But this season, for all intents and purposes, is over and it’s time for some answers. Because even the players in the locker room – the ones living this nightmare — are scratching their heads, completely out of things to say.

  74. Ronnie August 9, 2018 at 11:49 am - Reply

    Will I have to work on Saturdays? herbal viagra green pill On Monday, the FDNY’s EMS dispatching system crashed over and over again. For at least 90 minutes throughout the day, 911 operators were forced to go back to pen and paper as their computers failed, fire officials said. The dispatching system went down at least six times between 7:45 a.m. and 6 p.m., sources said.

  75. Randal August 9, 2018 at 12:15 pm - Reply

    A staff restaurant can you buy viagra over the counter in the usa The list of witnesses for the objectors has not been released. One objector disclosed that it would call police union official Mark Diaz and fire union official Dan McNamara to testify on the unions’ labor negotiations with the city. Lawyers will be allowed to cross-examine each witness.

  76. Willis August 9, 2018 at 12:16 pm - Reply

    A book of First Class stamps compare 100mg viagra to 20 mg cialis People close to Sanchez told The News that the quarterback is understandably unhappy with his head coach. Ryan has to feel awful that he helped put Sanchez in this situation no matter how much he tries to convince everyone (including himself) that he’s not culpable.

  77. Marlon August 9, 2018 at 12:24 pm - Reply

    Directory enquiries viagra jelly However, the low death-count will put a question mark over whether the cull will be extended – as planned – because the trial was set up to determine where the scheme could be conducted safely, humanely and effectively.

  78. Edwardo August 9, 2018 at 12:50 pm - Reply

    What sort of music do you like? can i get viagra in singapore The game, hosted Lord and Lady Lloyd Webber at Sydmonton Court Estate, Berkshire, was in aid of Tusk Trust, the animal charity of which the Duke is a patron and which was founded by Mark Shand, the Duchess of Cornwall’s brother.

  79. Hobert August 9, 2018 at 12:50 pm - Reply

    Could I have an application form? viagra usa San Jose, the biggest city in affluent Silicon Valley, has longed for an MLB franchise for years. The city has offered the A’s land for a baseball park, while also pressing the league to have owners of the other teams vote to allow the A’s to move.

  80. Myron August 9, 2018 at 1:26 pm - Reply

    I work for myself cheap viagra pills no prescription Secret documents provided by leaker Edward Snowden show that the National Security Council has been sifting through millions of contact lists from personal email and instant messaging accounts worldwide. Here, Snowden speaks during a presentation ceremony for the Sam Adams Award in Moscow on Oct. 11.

  81. viagra without a doctor prescription August 15, 2018 at 4:29 am - Reply

    What colleges/universities are best for english literature and creative writing?

  82. suba analuba August 15, 2018 at 1:20 pm - Reply

    KE91ZF I was recommended this web site by my cousin. I am not sure whether this post is written by him as no one else know such detailed about my difficulty. You are wonderful! Thanks!

Leave A Response

Login with one of the buttons below to Comment


Connect with Facebook


Or click here for manual input.